• SAXS to measure the kinetics and the mechanism of how actives affect cell morphology
  • MRI and 3D Micro CT to visualise flow and diffusion properties within and surrounding biologically-derived soil especially in optically opaque porous substrates like sponge and fabric
  • Micromanipulation: Study Adhesive and cohesive forces in biofilm and the factors leading to dislodging the soil from surfaces.
  • Synthesis of novel polymers for soil repellency and chemical modification of natural polymers for Malodour Control